Gearbox Jargon Broken Down in Layman's Language
First cars are all fun and games until you run into a problem and have to take them to a mechanic. Particularly, learners with little experience are likely to run into problems with the transmission. You might blow a gear shaft by raving the car excessively, ruin the clutch shafts by shifting gears improperly or damage the cogs with bad first-time driving habits. It happens to the best drivers out there, and you shouldn't be hard on yourself as you try to learn more about the car. The gearbox parts can be repaired or replaced to get you back on the road again after having a gears inspection. Here is a look at gearbox jargon to help you understand the function of every component:
- Bands and Clutches
Bands and clutches are the foot soldiers of the transmission system. They work together to ensure that you can shift gears starting with the low gears to the higher ones and vice versa. The clutches start by applying pressurised fluid to the gear cogs, which engages the pistons and causes them to transfer power to the vehicle's wheels. Essentially, the gear system cannot function if the clutch is not in good condition.
The bands link the clutch to the rest of the systems. They run through the gear train loosening and tightening to disengage and engage the right.
- Torque Convertor
The engine burns fuel and provides mechanical energy needed to propel the car. On the other hand, the transmission uses a system of gears to convert the mechanical energy into kinetic energy, resulting in actual movement of the car. This can only happen if there is a direct link between the engine and the transmission. The torque convertor links these two using a hydraulic fluid.
Sensors are another important component of your vehicle's gear system. They are the regulatory units of the gear system charged with coordinating the power produced by the engine and the speed of the wheels. In this way, the vehicle dictates which gear number you should engage when the vehicle is in motion. To add on that, the sensors also have a neutral and parking feature that improves safety in various conditions.
- The Valves
Essentially, the gear system has moving parts. These parts suffer from friction and heat generated by the action of the engine. This is why you must have adequate transmission fluid to lubricate and cool the system. The valves hold the fluid in the right places to prevent leakages.